Ankle injuries account for 22.6% of all injuries amongst high school and collegiate athletes. (2)
-5600 daily ankle sprains present to ED in the UK. (6)
-67% are an initial sprain, 33% are a re-injury. (6)
Incidence of ankle injuries is 7 per 1000 across all indoor sports (1) (4)
200% Risk of Re-injury within the first 12 months following an ankle sprain (1)
Ankle sprains may lead to chronic ankle instability (CAI)
23,000 ankle sprains occur every day (two million annually) at an annual cost of $5.4 billion (4) (6)
*Ranging $580-1770 per injury (1)
Mechanism of Injury
-Usually a result of the ankle rolling in (inversion), causing damage to the lateral ankle ligaments
-Activities such as rebounding (34%), general play (24%) and defending (13%) and shooting (12%) (2) (6)
-Contact with another player (58%) and acute non-contact (30%) were the most common MOI (2) (6)
For a consultation on prevention strategies for ankle sprains, see our Aaron Gregory, our Podiatry professional, today.
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1. Vuurberg, G., Hoorntje, A., Wink, L.M., van der Doelen, B.F.W., van den Bekorom, M.P., Dekker R., van Dijk, C.N.,…Kerkhoffs, G.M.M.J. (2018).
Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of ankle sprains: update of evidence-based clinical guideline. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52:956.
2. Tummala, S.V., Hartigan, D.E., Makovicka, J.L., Patel, K.A., Chhabra, A. (2018). 10-Year Epidemiology of Ankle Injuries in Men’s and Women’s
Collegiate Basketball. The Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(11), 1-9. doi: 10.1177/2325967118805400
3.Dallinga, J.M., Benjaminse, A., Lemmink, K. (2012). Which Screening Tools Can Predict Injury to the Lower Extremities in Team Sports? A
systematic review. Sports Medicine, 42(9), 791-815. doi:0112-1642/12/0009-0791/$49.95/0
4. Doherty, C., Delahunt, E., Caulfield, B., Hertel, J., Ryan, J., Bleakley, C. (2014) The Incidence and Prevalence of Ankle Sprain Injury: A Systematic
Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Epidemiological Studies. Sports Medicine, 44, 123-140. doi: 10.1007/s40279-013-0102-5
5. Schneiders, A., Karas, S. (2016). The accuracy of clinical tests in diagnosing ankle ligament injury. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 18 (4), 245-
6. Gribble, P.A., Bleakley, C.M., Caulfield, B.M., Docherty, C.L., Fourchet, F., Tik-Pui Fong, D., Hertel, J., …Delahunt, E. (2016). Evidence Review for
the 2016 International Ankle Consortium consensus statement on the prevalence, impact and long-term consequences of lateral ankle sprains. British
Journal of Sports Medicine, 50, 1496-1505. doi:10.1136/ bjsports-2016-096188
7. Wang, Y., Gu, Y., Chen, J., Luo, W., He, W., Han, Z., Tian, J. (2018) Kinesio taping is superior to other taping methods in ankle functional
performance improvement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 32 (11), 1472-1481. doi: 10.1177/0269215518780443
8. Owoeye, O.B.A., Palacios-Derflingher, L.M., Emery, C.A. (2018). Prevention ofAnkle Sprain Injuries in Youth Soccer and Basketball: Effectiveness
of a Neuromuscular Training Program and Examining Risk Factors. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(4), 325-331.
9. Powers, C.M., Ghoddosi, N., Straub, R.K., Khayambashi, K. (2017). Hip strength as a Predictor of Ankle Sprains in Male Soccer Players: A
Prospective Study. Journal of Athletic Training, 52(11), 1048-1055. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-52.11.18